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Matlock

see map

Matlock, the county town of Derbyshire, is a former spa town situated at a sharp bend in the River Derwent, where it turns south to carve its  way through the ridge of limestone which bars its route towards Derby.  Just downriver of the main town lies Matlock Bath, which is enclosed by  the limestone cliffs of the gorge and contains the main tourist  attractions of the locality. In many respects Matlock seems quite a new town, certainly when compared with Buxton or Bakewell for instance. The reason is that Matlock was an unimportant collection of small villages centred around the church  until thermal springs were discovered in 1698. Even this did not lead to an immediate development of Matlock because the route down the Derwent  was blocked by Willersley crags at Cromford, so the road to Matlock from the south arrived by a circuitous and hilly route.